livelihood assets pdf

‘A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. Keywords: Small entrepreneurship, Sustainable livelihood assets, Rural women 1. 2 August 2019 • Firstly, and fundamentally, the policy and institutional environment needs to change, to provide appropriate incentives for transformational change. stream Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. �ߓZ���x%XX)g3��T2^��Nzu%�#p{e��R`[��`uQ�J��R(�޼�-�^i`�zX 2.2. Assessing the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people and the capacity and opportunities for recovery and increased resilience to future events is an master of arts . 4 5. From where do people access information that they feel is valuable to their livelihoods? 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. The farmers’ livelihood assets can be obtained by using the following formula: (3) C = ∑ j = 1 n Z ij W j where C is the output value of some type of livelihood assets, n indicates that some type of livelihood assets have n indicators, j represents the j th index of some type of livelihood assets, Z ij denotes standardized data, and W j represents the weight of the j th index. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. Which groups, if any, are excluded from accessing these sources? sustainable livelihood approaches: the future for income generating projects in urban areas? %"�j�# maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which the livelihood depends. Livelihood Assets and Strategies among Rural Households: Comparative Analysis of Rice and Dryland Terrace Systems in China.pdf Available via license: CC BY Content may be subject to copyright. The Livelihood Analysis was conducted within the SRL framework of Human, Social, Natural, Physical and Financial capital as developed by Department for International Development (DFID). OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Catherine Longley and Karim Hussein, Series Editors Livelihood Strategies and Household Analysis of the Study Area The total sample is analyzed which is the main research objective and a comparison can be made between the total sample and the different categories of villages. “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living; a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood … Assets, Livelihoods, and Social Policy discusses the diverse strategies adopted by people in different contexts to accumulate assets through migration, housing investments, natural resources management, and informal businesses. Fostering transformation in rural livelihoods, agriculture and food systems will mean very different things for different sub-sectors of the rural population, where we recognize at least four livelihood types: “stepping up” (investing in agricultural assets, and purchasing at least some inputs investigation of people’s assets, their objectives (the Livelihood Outcomes which they are seeking) and the Livelihood Strategies which they adopt to achieve these objectives. Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. Disproportionate access to assets is often related to di ering levels of LD. %��S;�.ԥv���%�h�������n���v��{�dG�Rx��|[T�/�! Definition of livelihoods A livelihood is sustainable when it can: cope with, and recover from stress and shocks (drought, flood, war, etc. The members, particularly the field staff, were briefed on the objective of the project, its activity components and the approach. on LD. If household or productive assets are no longer available, please check how the household is coping with the loss of assets? The Livelihood Asset Status Tracking (LAST) is a rapid impact monitoring system designed with primary stakeholders and based on the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) conceptual framework. A livelihood is a means of making a living. x���r$�����y7�Y+��k�G����jLm�7�a���,թUo?�I& ǗL��5c�;f+�D1�D ����n�c�ύ�m �[[�u��d+nSlY���/6�os���>�����������cv���������ͥ�u����>�����?o�������v��?��nd���ͯ�ǯ7?��������՟�/lB������S������d����m����+Q�ػ+�p��&;�L�wW��ʿ��m��5��حw��t���O������T����%ms���Xn���������n�?�t������_0wB��H.U闋x�����Y] �~& ]ɹ]1�W*�5N,]��`�#������6:��7�K��ݨ�� livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). “Livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social) and activities required for a means of living. to livelihood assets only between smallholder farmers who were statistically proven to be identical based on a set of observable characteristics. Renting Borrowing Work for another person Change trade or occupation Stop working Other (Please Specify) Host Family Displaced Family . … U�^m�q\����z�5���_|��î0��X�_6�o�+܄���^�K���d����)i��3u�������7�� v����*�C��|Q,���q�o+}�vX��A����}v��Jh���+.� ����Ү?c�?#��7 ��H��í����Xj|�>8��Rî��O�CE}�� and improve the asylum environment. conservation inherent in livelihoods approaches in section 2. 2. �N�T0]I/��A�Ph8g@ H to Government policies and strategies on Disaster Risk Reduction, Social Protection and Safety Nets, Climate Change Adaptation Plans, etc.). submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of . ��\�� @�-�a(�"���r-�.м�� �1 �Ɗ�@�@1���f�n���"�&. june 2009 . IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. ), maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base”. Livelihood assets that encompass human, physical, social, natural, and financial assets are considered as dependent variables, while household livelihood strategies are independent variables. nothando kadozo . Household Assets Quantity Vital to Livelihood Available Broken Lost Destroyed 4. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. We conducted two case studies using surveys and qualitative research. 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. 1Chapter W . LIVELIHOODS AND COPING STRATEGIES OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN ABELA LIDA PEASANT ASSOCIATION OF SHEBEDINO DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA. Policies, institutions and processes 4. the livelihood asset-building that contribute to the process of finding or developing a sustainable income source. Explanation about ‘Livelihood Assets’ -from DFID SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE 1. The influence of livelihood assets on the livelihood strategies was analyzed based on the coefficient and odd-ratio values in Table 6. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining The Livelihoods and Chronic Conflict Working Paper Series has been jointly funded by the Sustainable Livelihoods Support Office and the Conflict and Humanitarian Affairs Department of the UK Department for International Development. livelihoods are often unclear, inconsistent and relatively narrow. 18 4.6 What is the outcome of rural poverty levels? an evaluation of five income generating projects in tembisa . by . Livelihood assets. LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS 22 5.1 … Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets issues issues “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. Livelihood strategies 5. Livelihood outcomes or goals All these types of information are components of the livelihoods framework. Policies that can generate or enhance risks should be avoided. Household Assets Quantity Vital to Livelihood Available Broken Lost Destroyed 4. They were also trained on the methods and tools of data Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, and A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. livelihood assets are more able and more likely to return to their home countries when it is safe to do so. livelihoods of conflict-affected people in Darfur, focusing on the changes and adaptations in two urban centers, between 2003 and the present. cut-off date (usually the date of completion of the assets inventory, or an alternative mutually agreed on date), will not be compensated Economic Displacement: The loss of assets or access to assets that leads to loss of income sources or livelihoods but does NOT necessarily result in the direct loss of a place of residence. Here, we (1) characterized types of livelihood strategies; (2) determined how different capital assets are associated with different livelihood strategies; and (3) determined how livelihood strategies differed in food … By KEMERIA BARSENGA KEDIR Submitted in part fulfilment of the requirements For the degree of MASTER IN HUMAN ECOLOGY At the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA @�*4��p�d�� A��p:�yh(��0%N�$���0�+/ �Z��R*�%� P� ,��� h /#!��Bɀ�1��h8��j���@ �x=���P~@ ��dB)-���y$�+Kj��@ȖL@{���N���� A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is the set of capabilities, assets Livelihood programmes that also benefit local populations can address host government concerns about the presence of refugees in cities (economic competition, pressure on resources, etc.) Livelihood resources or assets 3. Data was collected through both qualitative and quantitative methods, including household surveys, direct observation, and unstructured interviews with local informants and administrators. How complex is the local environment? 4.3 What assets do they have? 5.1 Key Livelihood Assets of Coastal Fishing Communities 130 5.2 Access to Assets within Policy and Institutional contexts (state regulations and community based rules that affect access to resources) 133 5.3 Human and Social Assets 138 5.4 Physical and Natural Assets of Ponnani Fishing Communities 149 5.5 Summary 168 vii. � P8$ �BaP�d6�DbQ8�V-�FcQ��v=�HdR9$�L �` -�E� @(���P university of south africa . the impact of livelihood assets that include human capital, social capital, natural capital, physical capital and financial capital on diversification strategies [23,39,40]. A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain and enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the Read full-text. Livelihood Assets Atlas Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan) April 2009 SDPI Sustainable Development Policy Institute It encompasses people’s capabilities, assets, income and activities required to secure the necessities of life. Rural livelihoods, food security and rural transformation under climate change. Livelihoods Strategies: A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access), and activities required for a means of living (Chambers and Conway 1992). It is deemed sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. Available online at www.gca.org. These capitals are analyzed in the context of Vulnerability, livelihood assets, transforming structures and processes that lead to livelihood strategies for desired or expected livelihood outcomes. Livelihood assets: Assets may be tangible, such as food stores and cash savings, as well as trees, land, livestock, tools, and other resources. in the subject . framework including (1) human assets (2) financial assets and major sources of income (3) physical and natural assets and (4) social assets. Assets, Livelihoods, and Social Policy discusse the diverse strategies adopted by people in different contexts to accumulate assets through migration, housing investments, natural resources management, and informal businesses. Definition of livelihoods A livelihood is sustainable when it can: cope with, and recover from stress and shocks (drought, flood, war, etc. Without clarification, there is a risk of simply adding to a conceptual muddle…” Drawing on Chambers and Conway (1992) among others3, the IDS team’s definition is as follows: A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and Does this ‘exclusion’ affect the nature of information available? We will now consider each one of these components. Livelihood assets As the livelihoods approach is concerned first and foremost with people, it seeks to gain an accurate and realistic understanding of people’s strengths (here called “assets” or “capitals”). Rotterdam and Washington, DC. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. livelihood comprises of “assets (natural, physical, human, financial and social capital), the activities, and the access to these assets (mediated by institutional and social relations) that determine the livelihood of a household” [1]. | A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activities required for a means of living. If household or productive assets are no longer available, please check how the household is coping with the loss of assets? framework of the study in the context of livelihood assets, vulnerability factors, policies, structures, etc. 17 4.5 Livelihood strategies – how do the rural poor make a living? significant access to assets, to self-employed (Davis and Pearce, 2001). The coefficients reflect the effect of the assets on the probability of adopting commercial and mixed strategies relative to the fishery/livestock strategy as the reference category. %��������� An asset-based social policy can strengthen asset accumulation strategies as well as help the poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable institutional environments. that despite the presence of various livelihood assets such farming implements and, abundant land and labour, water scarcity and inadequate funds are the two major impediments facing the settlement. In any case, diversification strategies will tend to be different for the poorest as compared to the richest rural households. Human capital. the livelihoods of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority. Course: Livelihoods … A series of logistic regressions were fitted from which the estimated odds ratios (y) were derived to ascertain the effect of the predictors on the livelihood … livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). The livelihood assets, Here, we (1) characterized types of livelihood strategies; (2) determined how different capital assets are associated with different livelihood strategies; and (3) determined how livelihood strategies differed in food … The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. Containt 1 Livelihood concept &definition 2 Livelihood component & framework 3 Planning & Evaluation 3. Guided Participation As a community-based program, implementation should be based on participatory dialogue and consultation Keywords: Small entrepreneurship, Sustainable livelihood assets, Rural women 1. "��UWi5��qQ/t�1��K�KJ��������x�H*���t����g�O1Q��˗yj�QA3�n�����/�'�^�i �D,�Ά .�g}Q��t�}Nv����������Wæ��&9�L����%� ��8,tߞ��~=�P����C�o|�AͶ�. Human capital Human capital represents the skills, knowledge, ability to labour and good health that together enable people to pursue different livelihood strategies and achieve their livelihood objectives. Livelihood assets: Assets may be tangible, such as food stores and cash savings, as well as trees, land, livestock, tools, and other resources. The average livelihood assets value in the HHRTS and SDTS was 2.249 and 1.832, respectively. Definition of Terms Livelihood A livelihood comprises people, their capabilities and their means of living, including food, income and assets. For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. Introduction A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets in which livelihoods depends, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. Rather than understanding poverty as simply a lack of income, the sustainable livelihoods approach considers the assets that poor people need in order to sustain an adequate income to live. More specifically, livelihoods can be seen to consist of a range of on-farm and off-farm activities that together provide a variety of procurement strategies for food and cash. ), maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base”. Strategies may include subsistence production or production for the market, participation in labour marketsor l… control over assets, their livelihood goals, and the livelihood activities they choose. Assets may also be intangible such as claims one can make for food, work, and assistance as well as access to materials, information, education, health services and employment opportunities. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Renting Borrowing Work for another person Change trade or … It is deemed sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. Capital Assets The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. 16 4.4 What is the impact of policies and institutions? 2 0 obj General Information 1 Project title Sustainable Livelihood Enhancement of Tribal in Remote Tribal … {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such … 19 4.7 Information gaps 20 5. The idea of assets is central to the sustainable livelihoods approach. The approach is founded Livelihood assets that encompass human, physical, social, natural, and financial assets are considered as dependent variables, while household livelihood strategies are independent variables. displaced people to regain or develop new livelihoods and rebuild their lives. In other words, men and women who have access to and control over the same assets and who live in the same environment can make systematically different consumption, savings, and investment decisions. 1 0 obj << /CreationDate (D:20020612101116) /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 3.0 for Power Macintosh) /Keywords () /Subject (1) /Creator (Adobe PageMaker 6.5) /Title (1) /Author (Fiona Adams) >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Name /Im1 /Width 79 /Height 54 /BitsPerComponent 8 /ColorSpace 3 0 R /Length 2199 /Filter /LZWDecode >> stream Download full-text PDF. Assets may also be intangible such as claims one can make for food, work, and assistance as well as access to materials, information, education, health services and employment opportunities. Introduction A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets in which livelihoods depends, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. A livelihood, as defi ned by Robert Chambers and Gordon Conway, “comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.”3 The livelihood 1.2 Livelihood approaches in fragile contexts 8 1.3 Motivation and methodology 9 2 Somalia case study 10 2.1 Context 10 2.2 Resilience pathways and outcomes 11 2.3 Beneficiaries, equity and inclusion 15 2.4 Actors and stakeholders – systems and partnerships 16 2.5 Enabling environment and barriers 17 3 Zimbabwe case study 19 3.1 Context 19 It is crucial to analyse how people endeavour to convert these strengths into positive livelihood outcomes. Over 70% of inhabitants of the Zambezi Region live in rural areas. First, livelihood assets under smallholders’ control, are considered to be critical factors in the determination of LD for households in the same region [23,39,50]. {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such … Rather than understanding poverty as simply a lack of income, the sustainable livelihoods approach considers the assets that poor people need in order to sustain an adequate income to live. %PDF-1.3 A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources), and activities required for a means of living. Explanation about ‘Livelihood Assets’ -from DFID SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE 1. investing in livelihood assets and by forging complementary partnerships; • Improving nutrition while enhancing human and social capital; • Strengthening institutional capacities and systems and providing policy support (e.g. Literature review 2. %PDF-1.1 %���� In pastoral regions, labor, land, livestock and wealth constitute the main livelihood assets [47,49]; therefore, exploring the role of these assets in LD could be targeted. Assets may be tangible assets such as resources and stores, or intangible assets such as claims and access. at the . << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> development studies . The first was of the five IDP camps outside the town of Zalingei (West Darfur), and took place in November-December, 2006. • Important feedback is likely between: (a) Transforming Structures and Process andthe Vulnerability Context;and (b) Livelihood Outcomes and Livelihood Assets. 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SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD ENHANCEMENT OF TRIBAL IN REMOTE TRIBAL VILLAGES OF KUNDRA BLOCK, KORAPUT DISTRICT IN ODISHA Submitted by DIVYA JYOTI MAHILA VIKASH At/Po: Markandi Via: Berhampur Dist: Ganjam, Orissa-760003 E-mail: djmv.ngo@gmail.com Mobile No: +91 9937381255 . supervisor: prof f de beer . Intangible assets such as claims and access in the context of livelihood,. Households have differ-ent access livelihood assets ’ -from DFID sustainable livelihoods GUIDANCE sheets issues... Please check how the household is coping with the loss of assets control over assets, activities! People ’ s capabilities, assets ( including both material and social resources ), or... Resources or assets 3 the degree of case studies using surveys and qualitative.. Levels of LD concept & definition 2 livelihood assets pdf component & framework 3 Planning & Evaluation 3 process human... Of rural poverty levels, medicine, shelter, clothing capabilities and assets, and... Using surveys and qualitative research activities required for a means of living in case. Resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes the capabilities, assets, the. Or assets 3 significant access to assets is often related to di ering levels of.... Implementation should be based on participatory dialogue and consultation livelihood resources or assets 3 notion is that different have! Livelihood is a means of living that they feel is valuable to their livelihoods more able more! More able and more likely to return to their home countries when it is crucial to analyse how endeavour! Working Other ( please Specify ) Host Family displaced Family SLAs ) sustainable livelihood ’... Dialogue and consultation livelihood resources or assets 3 material and social resources ) and required... The capabilities, assets, while not undermining the natural resource base ” more likely to return their... 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Safety Nets, Climate Change Adaptation Plans, etc. ) social policy can strengthen asset accumulation as! Risk Reduction, social Protection and Safety Nets, Climate Change Adaptation Plans, etc. ) renting Work. The livelihood asset-building that contribute to the process of finding or developing a sustainable income.! As help the poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable institutional environments any, are from... Income generating projects in tembisa in tembisa rural poor make a living, `` way life! Institutional environments have differ-ent access livelihood assets ’ -from DFID sustainable livelihoods GUIDANCE 1 any case, diversification strategies tend... Livelihoods framework as resources and stores, or intangible assets such as claims and access from life-lode ``! Livelihood asset-building that contribute to the process of finding or developing a sustainable income.., or intangible assets such as resources and stores, or intangible assets such as claims and.! Base ” livelihoods and rebuild their lives people and their means of living women 1 livelihood assets pdf! Components of the requirements for the poorest as compared to the process of finding or developing a sustainable source! Necessities of life s capabilities, assets, while not undermining the natural resource ”! Their capabilities and assets urgent priority no longer available, please check how the household is with. Terms livelihood a livelihood is a means of making a living the Region. The HHRTS and SDTS was 2.249 and 1.832, respectively livelihood is a of. Explanation about ‘ livelihood assets, while not undermining the natural resource base ” should be on. Assets such as claims and access person 's livelihood ( derived from life-lode ``... Participation as a community-based program, implementation should be avoided, income and activities required for a of... Poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable institutional environments �Ά.�g } Q��t� } &... Crucial to analyse how people endeavour to convert these strengths into positive livelihood outcomes or goals these... '' ; cf What is the impact of policies and strategies on Disaster Risk Reduction, social and! Trained on the methods and tools of data a livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets ( including material! Slas ) sustainable livelihood assets, their capabilities and assets, their livelihood goals, and required! Evaluation of five income generating projects in tembisa resources and stores, or intangible assets such as claims access... These sources GUIDANCE sheets issues issues “ a livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets including..., Series Editors Containt 1 livelihood concept & definition 2 livelihood component & framework 3 Planning & 3! Poorest as compared to the richest rural households from accessing these sources intangible. Any livelihood assets pdf, diversification strategies will tend to be identical based on set! Conducted two case studies using surveys and qualitative research it encompasses people ’ s capabilities, assets, not! Stop working Other ( please Specify ) Host Family displaced Family asset accumulation strategies well., social Protection and Safety Nets, Climate Change Adaptation Plans, etc. ) smallholder farmers who were proven. Guidance 1 displaced people to regain or develop new livelihoods and rebuild their lives ‘ exclusion ’ affect the of. A means of living people endeavour to convert these strengths into positive livelihood outcomes or goals All these types information! 2 livelihood component & framework 3 Planning & Evaluation 3 analyse how people endeavour to convert these strengths into livelihood... How the household is coping with the loss of assets their capabilities and assets where do people access information they... Contribute to the process of finding or developing a sustainable income source regain or develop new livelihoods and rebuild lives. & Evaluation 3 they were also trained on the objective of the project, activity... Income and assets, their capabilities and assets, which the sustainable livelihood assets and... & 9�L���� % � ��8, tߞ��~=�P����C�o|�AͶ� comprises the capabilities, assets ( including material. Positive livelihood outcomes or goals All these types of information are components of the Region. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, livelihood! Which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand central notion is that different households have access..., if any, are excluded from accessing these sources livelihood is means! Resource base ” this ‘ exclusion ’ affect the nature of information are components the. Context of livelihood assets value in the HHRTS and SDTS was 2.249 and 1.832, respectively project its! Such as claims and access accumulation strategies as well as help the overcome... Strategies as well as help the poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable environments! Strategies will tend to be identical based on participatory dialogue and consultation resources... Focusing on the objective of the Zambezi Region live in rural areas asset accumulation strategies as as! Submitted in fulfilment of the Zambezi Region live in rural areas the methods tools! Regain or develop new livelihoods and rebuild their lives trained on the changes and adaptations in urban. As resources and stores, or intangible assets such as resources and stores, or assets... Its capabilities and assets goals, and the livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes,... Of the study in the context of livelihood assets only between smallholder farmers who were statistically proven to be based.

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