Believers were referred to as “Mormons” because of the church’s adherence to “The Book of Mormon,” their companion scripture to the Bible wherein the story of Jesus appearing to the ancestors of the Native Americans was told. Church headquarters established in Far West Around 1,600 rounds of ammo were spent on 40 people. Share All sharing options for: Missouri: Mormon history sites. Journals of the Senate and House of Representatives of Missouri, 1838-1839, Messages and Proclamations of the Governors of the State of Missouri. At Crooked River, Mormon and Missouri militiamen skirmished, resulting in the deaths of one Missourian and two Mormons, including Apostle DavidÂ W. Patten. The Missouri Mormons are forced to leave Clay County for the more remote Caldwell and Daviess Counties in the northern part of the state. In nearby Daviess County, when voters prevented Mormons from entering the polls, a fight broke out. ThomasÂ B. Marsh, Orson Hyde, and WilliamÂ W. Phelps each left the Church and returned years later, but leaders like John Corrill and George Hinkle never returned.9 After languishing in a cold, cramped jail during the winter of 1838â39, Joseph Smith, his brother Hyrum, and several others escaped with the help of a sympathetic guard while enÂ route to another venue. “I believe Missouri is the promised land,” said Sean Anderson, a 51-year-old fundamentalist Mormon from Mexico who has also lived in Arizona and Utah. In 1836, the Missouri legislature created Caldwell County specifically for Mormon settlement and Missouri branches of the church gathered there, centering on the town of Far West. Ray County, Missouri Cemetery Records, Volume IV-VIat Ancestry ($) 5. See Topics: Opposition to the Early Church, FarÂ West. The governor of Missouri, LilburnÂ W. Boggs, responded to a plea for help by saying the Saints and the Missourians must fight their own battles. In mid-October, Mormons raided and burned homes and stores in Gallatin and Millport. 1838: The Year the Saints Were Driven Out of Missouri - Duration: 5:16. in relation to the Disturbances with the Mormons Publication by order of the General Assembly of evidence given before the Hon. In 1831, the Lord designated Independence, in Jackson County, as “the center place” of Zion (Doctrine and Covenants 57:3). The Mormon-Missouri War (also called the Mormon War or the Missouri War) was an armed conflict between the Latter-day Saints and other citizens of northern Missouri in the fall of 1838. The Mormons industriously built up new cities throughout Caldwell County, but their numbers swelled and they spilled over into Ray, Carroll, Clinton, and Daviess Counties. Joseph Smith and the church he founded in New York State in 1830 quickly gained converts, attracting considerable attention throughout the northeastern United States. C.Â C.Â A. Christensen (1831â1912), The Battle of Crooked River, c.Â 1878, tempera on muslin, 78Â xÂ 114 inches. The collection also includes the criminal hearing of Joseph Smith and other church leaders for treason and other crimes. Located on the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, the . Independence Visitors’ Center. Der Krieg mit den Mormonen in Missouri 1838 (auch als Mormonenkrieg oder Missourikrieg bekannt) war ein bewaffneter Konflikt zwischen Mitgliedern der Kirche und anderen Bürgern im Norden von Missouri im Herbst 1838. The militia, under the command of Major General SamuelÂ D. Lucas, laid siege to FarÂ West on OctoberÂ 31. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. t. Fields of Far West, Missouri 2019. t. Community of Christ … But the Saints sought to exercise their constitutional right by establishing settlements in neighboring Carroll and Daviess Counties. Independence Visitors’ Center: Independence, Missouri. Read More... Read Less. Joseph Smith founded the Mormon religion in 1830, and had a revelation from God that land in Jackson County in western Missouri would be a key place for Jesus Christ’s Second Coming. General Assembly of Missouri Petitions of individuals for property lost during the Mormon War, claims for payments of troops and militia leaders, and unnumbered bills for claims, petitions, and relief. Am 27. Tensions built up between the rapidly-growing Mormon co… Sidney Rigdon,Oration Delivered by Mr.Â S. Rigdon, On the 4thÂ of July, 1838 (FarÂ West, Missouri: Journal Office, 1838), 12; see also Topic: Dissent in the Church. He recently moved to The Ranch with his wife and their six children.The residents are a hodgepodge of people whose members in Utah haven’t always gotten along. Shows. By referring or linking you to this resource, we do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views of the author. Compendium Resources: 2. LDS Church History … Within a few years, the migration and settlement of Latter-day Saints in frontier Missouri led to events that would earn Mormonism a painful place in Missouri history. Originally named the Church of Christ, it subsequently became the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Violence broke out in 1833 as the “Old Settlers” under the guise of “extra-legal” justice took the law into their own hands. Additional filters: Record Type Collection 43 Archival Record 3 Names Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 9 Smith, Joseph, Jr., 1805-1844 8 Boggs, Lillburn W., 1792-1860 4 United States. In the wake of these outbursts, Governor Boggs, who had previously supported anti-Mormon activities in Jackson County, issued what came to be known as the âextermination order,â which authorized the state militia to drive the Mormons from the state or exterminate them if necessary.5 The most horrific event of the war came a few days later on OctoberÂ 30, when a group of armed Missourians opened fire on Saints at Hawnâs Mill, killing and brutally dismembering 17Â men and boys.6. The Mormon-Missouri War (also called the Mormon War or the Missouri War) was an armed conflict between the Latter-day Saints and other citizens of northern Missouri in the fall of 1838. American Legal and Political Institutions, Christian Churches in Joseph Smithâs Day, Daily Life of First-Generation Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smithâs 1844 Campaign for United States President, Lectures on Theology (âLectures on Faithâ), Martin Harrisâs Consultations with Scholars, Printing and Publishing the Book of Mormon, Religious Beliefs in Joseph Smithâs Day, Restoration of the Melchizedek Priesthood, Temple Dedications and Dedicatory Prayers, âMormon-Missouri War of 1838,â Church History Topics. The Saints appealed to the government for protection, and some troops came to keep the peace. In 1836, the state created Caldwell County exclusively for Mormon settlement, and opponents of the Church objected to any Latter-day Saint settlement outside this new county. The temple will largely serve about 25,000 members in the Kansas City area and … Document Containing the Orders, Correspondence, etc. Historic Liberty Jail. Missouri Digital Heritage :: Collections :: :: Missouri Mormon War. In 1836, the residents of Clay County voted to expel the Mormons, and the state government created Caldwell County for their home. Meanwhile, the main body of Latter-day Saints sought refuge in the neighboring state of Illinois.7, The Mormon-Missouri War marked the end of the Churchâs early presence in Missouri. Over the next year, around eight thousand church members, often ragged and deprived of their property, left Missouri for Illinois. Ponder the significance of the land that the Lord “appointed and consecrated for the gathering of the saints” (D&C 57:1). Individual Cemeterie… Missouri Historic Sites. 1. The Mormons began to arrive in Kirtland early in 1831 just as Mormon missionaries were arriving in western Missouri near what is now Kansas City. Within a few years, the migration and settlement of Latter-day Saints in frontier Missouri led to events that would earn Mormonism a painful place in Missouri history. This was the first “gathering” in Mormon history, gathering being a theme which is very prominent in Mormonism. By the time Joseph Smith left Ohio for the Mormon settlement of Far West, Missouri, in the summer of 1838, opposition to the Churchâs presence in Missouri had reached a critical point.2, On JulyÂ 4, 1838, Sidney Rigdon warned that the Saints would no longer tolerate persecution or the denial of their rights as citizens of the United States. King, Judge of the fifth Judicial circuit of the State of Missouri, at the court house in Richmond, in a criminal court of inquiry, begun November 12, 1838, on the trial of Joseph Smith, Jr., and others, for high treason and other crimes against the State. The Missouri State Archives’ “Mormon War Papers” shed light on this frequently misunderstood episode of Missouri history. Mormons relocated to neighboring counties to the north, where they continued to face hostility. Painting depicting the skirmish between Missouri and Mormon militiamen at Crooked River. The Church of Christ (the original name for the Mormon Church) was organized with six founding members in Fayette, New York on April 6, 1830. On Election Day that year, the residents of Carroll County voted for the Mormons to leave the county. But a diplomatic resolution was interrupted when a mob destroyed a Mormon settlement at DeÂ Witt, Carroll County, forcing the Saints there to flee for their lives. Brigham Young University Museum of Art, gift of the grandchildren of C.Â C.Â A. Christensen, 1970. Historic People; Historic Dates and Events; Newsletters; Downloads; Mormon Walking Trail (Putz) Personal Membership; Business Underwriting; t. Adam-ondi-Ahman, Daviess County, Missouri . Though local Campbellite ministers were stirring up some trouble, the Mormons found a safe haven in Ohio. His small band of missionaries soon became a steady stream of converts anxious to establish Zion in Missouri. Although difficult, the prison ordeal proved redemptive to Joseph, as profound revelations were given to him during his incarceration.10. The two refused the order until the court could assure their safety. Battle of Crooked River. Rumors of Danite activity persuaded some Missourians that the Mormons threatened violence against neighbors.4. Old Settler mobs and Mormon paramilitary units roamed the countryside. It is unlikely the attackers were aware of Governor Boggsâs order at the time of the attack. âPeace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints,â Gospel Topics Essays, topics.lds.org. Smith's followers, commonly known as Mormons, began to settle in Jackson County in 1831 to "build up" the city of Zion. Mormon War Papers, 1838-1841 This collection includes records such as the journal of the joint legislative committee that investigated the difficulties with the Mormons, the report of the complaints against the Mormons, letters relating to the movement of the militia, a petition to Governor Boggs from Mormons in Carroll County asking for protection, reports to the governor from the field, and evidence given in the trial of Joseph Smith, Jr. and others. Lucas arrested Joseph Smith and a few other Mormon leaders and ordered their execution for the next day. The Missouri Persecutions, by B. H. Roberts (page images at Google; US access only) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. Vol.Â 6 of the Documents series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by RonaldÂ K. Esplin, MatthewÂ J. in relation to the Disturbances with the Mormons, Records of Thomas Reynolds, Office of Governor, petition regarding pardon of a prisoner in Caldwell County, Papers of James L. Minor, Office of Secretary of State, Missouri Office of the Secretary of State. Historic Sites in Missouri Missouri Email Facebook Twitter. Cemetery Records Ray County, MissouriGenealogy Trails 3. 1838: The Year the Saints Were Driven Out of Missouri, Peace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints. St. Louis Post-Dispatch St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Mormon History And Theology: Missouri Is Land Of Zion And Location Of Second Coming. In 1831 Smith proclaimed that God had designated western Missouri as the place where “Zion” would be “gathered” in anticipation of Christ’s second coming. Papers of James L. Minor, Office of Secretary of State Requests for copies of the transcriptions of the Mormon disturbance. t. Zion's Camp. Violence broke out again at an election riot in 1838. See Topics: Hawnâs Mill Massacre, Extermination Order. Share All sharing options for: Missouri: Mormon History, gathering being a theme which very... 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