Legislation is the collection of laws that have been made official by parliament and must be followed. This means that individuals with learning disabilities and their families have a lot more control over the care and support that they receive. Be able to support individuals to make decisions about risks 5. However, many of these services were not tailored to individual needs and kept individuals with learning disabilities segregated from the wider community. Some things to consider are: To communicate effectively with individuals with learning disabilities, you should ensure that the language that you use is both age and ability appropriate. You should encourage individuals to complete the tasks that they are able to do as independently as possible and provide some support for those they cannot. The medical model of disability views an individual’s disability as the cause of their impairment or lack of independence. Finding innovative ways to support them. social inclusion . Many people with learning disabilities still suffered from a mixture of bullying and harassment on one extreme to over-protection, pity and restricted (if any) decision-making on the other. Social inclusion is linked to the concept of equal Individuals with learning disabilities often require far more support than those that don’t and may never be fully independent. If somebody appears to require care, the local authority must carry out an assessment focusing on their individual needs, outcomes and wellbeing and involve the person in the process (person-centred planning). Other charities such as Mencap and Scope have done a lot of lobbying on behalf of individuals with learning disabilities to help change attitudes and policy. In the 60s and 70s, more individuals with learning disabilities began to transition from life in institutions to local communities. It makes it unlawful for an individual with disabilities to be discriminated against. The audio book should have been released at the same time as the print book so that it can be enjoined by both people that can and can’t read at the same time. Siblings may feel pushed out and jealous that their brother/sister appears to receive more attention than they do and not understand the reasons why. Being labelled as having a learning disability can have both positive and negative connotations. Be open to following them to see what they want to show you, Visual aids – pictures on cue cards can be used to communicate, Drawing/writing – some individuals prefer to communicate using drawings or writing, Don’t give up – sometimes it can be difficult to understand but be patient and tenacious in your communication. In the 50s and 60s, more people were moving out of institutions before the Local Authority Social Services Act 1970 put the responsibility on Local Authorities and newly formed Social Services Departments for the health and welfare of people. Social inclusion, the converse of social exclusion, is affirmative action to change the circumstances and habits that lead to (or have led to) social exclusion. We should be aware of non-verbal methods that people use to communicate and adapt ourselves accordingly. They make sure you’re heard and are called advocates. While inclusion and exclusion have social, economic and political dimensions, in this training program we focus on the 'social' dimension which concerns connections to other people. This act has helped to ensure that people with learning disabilities have the same life opportunities as everybody else. Amongst many other studies of the time, the Jay Report suggested they should integrate into local communities based on the idea of normalisation. They also argue powerfully as to how this inclusion can create important opportunities for developing friendships and ‘natural support’. This may mean that it is necessary to slow down you speech or give the individual more time to process the information you have given them. Rights: Individuals you care for and support should continue to have the same rights as when they were living independently. It advocates that both the medical and social models are appropriate, but neither is sufficient on its own to explain the complex nature of one’s health. These are the primary laws that directly relate to the freedoms and rights of individuals, however there is additional legislation that indirectly affects this including: Policies that promote human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities: When compared to the time before the legislation and policies listed above were introduced, we can surmise that the daily experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families have been positively and significantly influenced. Parents may feel guilt about their child’s condition and the extra care they have to provide can leave them feeling overwhelmed and exhausted. The 50% proportion of learning disabilities with unknown cause has been floating around the Internet for a long time and is often accepted as an answer for the Level 2 Diploma but we have been unable to find the original source for this figure – do let us know if you can direct us to it. Educate employees by helping them to understand how individuals are impacted by unconscious bias, and what actions continue to reinforce unconscious bias. Statutory advocacy pertains to individuals that have the legal right to an advocate and one will often be appointed to represent them. Essentially, you should show respect to the individuals that you communicate with by being open and honest, speaking to them as an adult and conveying your message in a way that they can process and understand. Registered charities with an annual income over £10,000 must provide annual information to the Commission. Asking open-ended questions ensures the individual is listening and understands you, Be patient – give the individual plenty of time to absorb what you are saying and time to respond, Listen – communication is a two-way process so ensure that you actively listen to what the individual says to you, Facial expressions – observing an individual’s face can give visual cues about how they are feeling and if they are understanding you, Gestures – some individuals will use gestures to communicate. And there may be an associated financial burden to ensure that the individual receives the care that they need. Many of these simply represent the lower end of the normal distribution of intelligence. check understanding so that you can promote communication with individuals with learning disabilities. With increasing severity of learning disability, the likelihood of finding a cause increases, with at least 80% of severe cases having some evidence of organic brain damage or disease. There are several different types of advocacy available for people with learning disabilities. So, by promoting empowerment and active participation as part of your work, you can support individuals with learning disabilities to maximise their opportunities and achieve their true potential. Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities. Many children with learning disabilities now attend mainstream schools, which will result in future generations having a better understanding of the differences between individuals. For individuals with learning disabilities, it can sometimes be difficult to make their voice heard and their wishes considered. This has led to much more collaboration, choice and independence for individuals. This may be because the individual is unable to express their views or feels that their voice is not being heard. The Eugenics Movement discouraged individuals with learning disabilities from reproducing in order to prevent ‘defective genes’ being passed on. The Care Quality Commission (CQC) is the regulator for all health and social care services in England and ensure that policy and practice are performed correctly. The … In fact, the primary reason for people being moved to institutions was because they were thought to be unable to contribute to society in a meaningful way. During verbal communication with individuals with learning disabilities there are several things you may need to consider: Not all communication is verbal and some individuals with learning disabilities can only communicate via non-verbal means. And the right to marry and start a family means that people with learning disabilities are no longer regarded as not having the capacity to have intimate relationships and have children. This service is usually paid for by the individual. This does not mean that they are unable to communicate but that they communicate in a different way. The first Camphill Community was formed in 1940, which took in children with disabilities and provided education to them including skills like basket weaving and baking. support with individuals with learning disabilities Introduction This learning outcome starts out by explaining what is meant by ‘social inclusion’, including a list of activities that people with learning disabilities can be supported to do so that they are more socially included. The individual should remain at the heart of the advocacy service and the advocate should always act in their best interests. I may earn commissions from qualifying purchases from Amazon. During the 1950’s, research suggested that individuals with learning disabilities had more ability than had previously been thought and would be able to live successfully and independently in the community. When supporting individuals with learning disabilities, it is important to build empowerment and active participation into your day-to-day practice. Describe ways of checking whether an individual has understood a communication and how to address any misunderstandings. Conversely, the social model of disability views the organisation of society as the cause. Non-statutory advocacy refers to individuals that require an advocate but fall outside of the eligibility criteria required to be appointed one by law. This includes social and economic wellbeing, participation in work, education, training and recreation and the individual’s contribution to society. Analyse the concepts of: >Social inclusion – >Social exclusion – >Community – 2. Encouraging them to take an active role in their support. Having a family member with a learning disability can have a significant impact on those around them, both positively and negatively. 1 1A Assist a person with disability to identify strengths, preferences and ... support. And the British Institute of Learning Disabilities do not give an exact proportion but do say: … for many who are diagnosed with having a general learning disability, the cause remains unknown. Local authorities must also provide services to meet the needs of individuals with learning disabilities or identify referrals to third-party services. For me as a trainer, I need to challenge any abuse and explain why it is wrong. This is professional advocacy law services represented by legally qualified solicitors/lawyers/barristers. They have a right to choose what they eat and when, how they dress and when. Topics include the history of individuals with learning disabilities in society, legislation, advocacy, social inclusion, active participation and communication.
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