livelihood strategies pdf

sustainability, and livelihood strategies (e.g. A majority of hou… Livelihood strategies are direct dependent on asset status and policies, institutions and processes. jm�wY���W��rL,;���x9e��%�y�Lw�� �(������o� c�� �� �P׊o�����R��K�@n3z4Q���F8܁㞌�Iꡓ=0,㎒R�Wɥ�|�K�c�I׶L|��;�5��p�'*�8��������1�ۥJ��N5Q>�59���^β����߽%W�"��iP��5@�>�MA��p��͸��R��;d�*f�t����[�R�胈���bV �s!�&>�3���=wf�C�XM���dn�D��17�6��������@:��jCхZU������鴮��[L�ƕ�i�yaF� JU��d�lr�ϱ�C�K�׬E���C~sA�6��P�5'q(�-Iv *U�ȝ1�RnګZ�u�&�w�T���U�DW�E'�(@��T&���a)V�l�;=�L��gy����B� ��}APj&� 6�Ս�Z+�Vf�ꜟ �w�Z�M1��OK�|@��f�9 ��. >> Livelihood strategies: How people access and use these assets, within the aforementioned social, economic, political and environmental contexts, form a livelihood strategy. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the … • Physical asset is the most important asset in adopting environmental strategies. While livelihood strategies of the poorest often still depend primarily on agricultural activities, several studies show non-farm income activities to correlate with greater overall household wealth. %PDF-1.2 Assets in this framework include: human capital (the education, skills and health of household h�j�^Q� ���t Traditionally, livestock is grazed DJMV aspires to improve the living conditions of the poor and marginalized by adopting strategies through community initiative, participation and sensitization. Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. This study aims to analyze the impacts of CEEs, current barriers, and adaptation strategies based on three categories of livelihood strategies. �q�����*4(��LDGd�G-c���Y1��W���M�� =Gko@��7�*NT61�P"��������g�Yסf�^lge��X/A�w�̾ %��6��)�z�=�0� ���f�K�2��l+��Ϫ���M��S3k2����֜��V���]kʔ��D?nˋ.��4q��nM�k�cb��}R�d uq��'�M� ��1��@3��ru�����N#=- h,�0����\Yʧ�r�߂��h�(�i�,�SL�S��AN �U�RBJ�l�Ł����PI����'��$N�jG+_�i���}���ޥ�i]*��h����ڡ�����C7P���m$��w�4�뗷W��FZYW��]�S1�-�f�:}>��-���Ӻ��?>�j���� �L�o��˷T۔�|�n?GܻLr��l:Vr��u�B2}�uʦ憐�@�m �H�C�ˢ���E�D�a� In the past, work has been done to analyze factors that govern decisions of communities to pursue different livelihood strategies in Namibia. farm livelihood strategies of the agro-pastoralists were livestock trade, causal labor, and remittances (Tilahun et al., 2017). �[�d���w� X�E]5e��ʎ�R�C��$���ÿ���Qտ���V4����B��N���V�;�h{JY�J_Q���v]M\6����v"��ϧ��OE�%��aX�,ס��SA/�'y��x{CȈ�/{7�8��Jg�밡_˽OsX|�XѲ��|�?I�/E���7����&H}Q��U�l�N�'��@�W� Jp��� ͂�H�������m�$�H]��!��djr���\Pκ�������]�7s����/20�Bo*$�ˁ�Ћ:�J)�@g��o7�5�uD8.���3̅o3o�r�=���'� stream poor and vulnerable face is that the processes which frame their livelihoods may systematically restrict them unless the government adopts pro-poor policies that, in turn, filterdown to legislation and even less formal processes. )%�&3�s^D��-?Vp �:�b��;��m�X~T�%�>�7T��4���*Y��f;Z$�'��s����A�u��6ִ̤E9E��Y�0�����r�`V�k��gZmϡ�5�Rf��/�w�,bR�%ֿ�����÷joN�;����vr:؛��o� ��[n#ny(�����ӹ�FE�8�X���T��f� �JoX�݆9��)����4 ����v� �Q�m��Y���R��T���V�RH^$J� /u��)r'����n^? Haiti Livelihood Questionnaire 3.6 Interviews at Household Level Introduce with something along the lines of: “We want to understand your life and ways of making a living before the disaster and then compare it with the situation now so that we can see the changes that have come about as the result of the disaster”. "tʍ��RV;A��Yiӂ�5���Z���wY����)#ۥ�@v�9�a ��l�����(���0�ʇ��h��`7�ܕ��,��! strategies is not well understood. The guidelines also seek to inform UNHCR’s traditional and potential partners about livelihood issues in regard to refugees and the organization’s role in and approach to livelihood programming. Strategies for livelihood diversification must be planned based on the sound analysis recommended above, capturing the full range of hazards people are exposed to, how these hazards interact with each other, and how they affect existing and planned livelihood activities. This analysis focuses on the combination of activities undertaken. /Filter /FlateDecode The Livelihoods for Resilience resilience domains of change The Livelihoods for Resilience resilience strategy involves five inter-related domains of change, which contribute to the resilience capacities as shown in Figure 3. Diverging-converging livelihood strategies and transformability. This activity is an important component of adivasi culture and of their production systems, constituting a cash reserve in times of distress. For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. Enumerator ID: productive activities, investment strategies, reproductive choices). [�^ݎm��h��� �$����}�^U�]���Tk`/�v�6��Ǣ{�P �,�#&�Ҹ���Ʈ�ϷMTy�U�6ٹR��:"��5_���p>�� �>��M���c�pu������/�V|F=�ܩY�p2UjM��⎧�wP�\C��.\H�?j�����m�l�]�k5+xiJ�:ۄ ��������s��AM�����;��3M!��� `fRj}�e��3����"౤ҕ�D� ���^3�1�--?rU��W��C�{F��Q�\�K:����L��1�r��a���ԩ\Ш+��'��� The access that people have to different kinds of assets affect the strategies that they employ, and the structures and processes in a given society also creates possibilities and constraints on the strategies that people are able to use. Carney (ed)., 1998; Scoones, 1998). Sayed Nurullah Azad RMMRU & Media-mix Enterprise Definition of Livelihood ‘A livelihood comprises people, their capabilities and their means of living, including food, income and assets. (Table I). A farm typology derived from a survey of households done on a single point in time, or synchronically, may sometimes mask important aspects of the trajectory of livelihood strategies and the consequent transformations in the agroecosystem through time. resources, Livelihood strategies, and Institutional processes and organizational structures. 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. The classification method is first used to divide the livelihood strategy into these three categories, and a multinomial logistic In recent times this has come to be called the sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework, and is viewed as equally applicable to urban as to rural survival strategies. %���� A livelihood, as defi ned by Robert Chambers and Gordon Conway, “comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.”3 The livelihood strategies that displaced households develop to secure a … developing new, innovative strategies and livelihood skills to be able to learn about and use new environmentally friendly technologies and to improve rural livelihoods. LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS 22 5.1 General Livelihood Interventions 22 5.2 The Livelihood Pathway 22 5.3 Specific Livelihood Interventions for Households Located at Different Outcomes on the Livelihood Pathway 25 5.4 Targeting Livelihood Interventions to More Vulnerable Groups 28 6. Asset stripping involves the … The livelihood strategy ‘three food crops, coffee and khat’ was associated with a wide range of capital assets, particularly having larger aggregate farm field size and learning from other farmers. Livelihood strategies and outcomes .....15. Livelihood Strategies and Household Analysis of the Study Area The total sample is analyzed which is the main research objective and a comparison can be made between the total sample and the different categories of villages. For instance, Ashley and LaFranci working towards women empowerment, education and livelihood promotion. LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES Although livelihood diversification is an important strategy by which rural people may work to achieve sustainable livelihoods, it is one that generally operates in conjunction with other strategies which also contribute to the formation of sustainable livelihoods. However, M e t h o d o l o g i c a l a n d C o n c e p t u a l O v e r v i e w. 5 M e t h o d o l o g i c a l a n d C o n c e p t u a l O v e r v i e w Overview of the Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit for Sudden Onset Natural disasters The Livelihood … Strategies may include subsistence production or production for the market, participation in labour marketsor l… Livelihood assets have significant role in adopting various livelihood strategies. �����rê��cX>\^p������r}y�yQ���ˋd�m���o&W�3���>�����.`r3M���UU�����a���mN�`�˻������r~{�&��J�:��2WR^V����ߓ9�����s:J�7� livelihood strategies of the adivasis in many parts of the country. Founded in Households in the survey were asked to name up to three livelihood activities, by order of importance. Two of the strategies … /Length 1165 • Enhancing access to financial assets can lead to higher harvesting efforts. 3.2. The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. Ϧ6}-�fNa#�x�!^���"_�\L��lt�*�|Է9������Hߤ�Hտ��/%���#~���^��� &��q�~O�fO4�֏�Ш{���IN H{��=���d�>�5v0$�ԫ���oa�l{'�>���{�;�oc���9���{����u@S�:=뭩s��*;\��vxgz�O��:�/�G���5��Y��WI0;��z�Pu��̖�C� Coping strategies for crop production and live-stock livelihoods Most stakeholders reported on asset stripping as a key strategy adopted by individuals and households in rural areas that are faced by climate-related hazards such as drought. 3. 0g�#Ɗ�v�q �L�7�0�Z�Z�3?�*��A��˷����r�(�ՠ�(���h��mTݡ�6�mSW�H�����Injz":���b;g�r. @��E�:���D8���GIBn�I�)��=5�)�Et2Y�.�E%��ށY]�M�����N�o�}��ì|�!SZB,��rB�vq�U�� An individual may take on several activities to meet his/her needs. Livelihood strategies Livelihood strategies are the range and combination of activities and choices that people normally make or undertake in stable and peaceful times in order to achieve their livelihood goals (e.g. The range and diversity of livelihood strategies are enormous. _S!�IZ&���Y?��z�������\@6��C!w�)�2:���"��¦u��"yHE����9E;-�v�̮��t��^�LBq�We5�G�RpH�q���ߗ4��L��.޽�"e��Ge��E>��f��@C.F��z�f�d���J}/���ڴ�k�y�@�ުFc6cLB��R�O�t~�y0[�;��I��E��ڍڀUNI�ޡ����V�9_R��9/��Q!�����Y.������ ��1+�[�ki�ƈV����Y�)N��+\4f ���hJK�f�y��Ws4�>D��;r��o�A!��҇��?G�G��~UǼ8�Ѵ�P���4E$����"��Ϡ�~� մ6M#W�J���Gt��`^ٖ��y�dk,��)�q\�f(^�>yD H�tV�s�6~�L��}���>�`�)�w��&p��7} �:��Hrs�ﻻ�c�1������o׾Z^^�{������ View Rural Livelihood Strategies Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Livelihood strategy Livelihood strategy approach to community-based planning and assessment: a case study of Molas, Indonesia Jennifer Walker, Bruce Mitchell and Susan Wismer A livelihood strategy is an organized set of life-style choices, goals and values, and activities influenced by biophysical, political/legal, econo- G�X�MV2X(����E7u����`p�����zר��V:U�zS 4�APt6�g|��3:Zפ�EC}a�O)8�t���/�>�>bSm� PDF | On Sep 1, 2014, Vishwambhar Prasad Sati published Sustainable Livelihood Strategies and Options | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Context Livelihood strategy Livelihood outcome (Source: Drinkwater & Rusinow 1999) 7 Introduction to the livelihoods framework CARE’s approach is similar to DFID in that it emphasises the dynamic interrelationships between different aspects of the framework. These are the areas where we aim to effect change in order to build resilience at household and systemic levels. Hence that poor people compete and that the livelihood strategy of one household might have an impact (positive or negative) on the livelihood strategy of another household. {���4�����H&����6���t�W��>�Z���E�t�g��:$K�op���y+7���%��x��@AZ�Ǣl��;h�]K��:�ZK�+����tԵ��O�T���9p��$T�ұ'S�V�� ֢��;ͩ��^^ =�PXTvy+�W� |��>��ϛ��ї���S{\4���ݙ�-�E�����VR�����Q���9�h��,4��>&gޒktA��Bgo��?.�^V�9z�9��Z�R���&��IM*�9��ݪE����x�5])z�@����������(�\r�m�v�x_1�Ʈ�o��i����L/FD6���ԂT��tD"��v�ڦ5��r�:�=�r��5�({�^K���l�I��Z9���ª�����X��3H����'ط�����,Ԋ������0�/V8�Z���.�B��^�N������ �|-�0��>*��� ������u�:�0? livelihoods (FAO, 2018). �ZYv������¯��4��R�MrZ��Ƚ{�\m����eN���Sq�_S�f��}Ī�o���,� � J�g�">�O��%�����3�$� +iU�����vH�b��J����]� �|�7�K~➞��.I���ʵLIG�|Y��BR}� ��;��{y9n���@ �dg8�Qr������92{!��x����k�^��K&}%�Daf1��; B.8 Youth Livelihood Programs Should Be Cross-Sectoral And Track Both Livelihood-Specific And Cross-Cutting Outcomes And Impacts C. DESIGNING EFFECTIVE YOUTH LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES C.1 Resources To Strengthen Youth Livelihood Capacities C.2 Designing Strategies That Build Youth Livelihoods Strategies To Help Youth Develop Human Capital Thus, engendering more non-farm opportunities (i.e., non-climate-dependent) has been a focus for This study identifies the livelihood strategies of rural women that are critical for reducing household poverty in Msinga, South Africa. (��]�y���n"Kl���Gs��H����B�����|I�߹.�GN��b��[������R�k���$�%v)Nuo荽.�����b��+��Jpɱ�q7šR:�q�(���Le5bۊ(��&C��!���'~�C���\o��� �n)��07���ms�o���E���1k�c:p��@Wkb�:N˕��x xri�� • Human, social, and financial assets facilitate adopting commercial strategies. A generalized linear model showed that livelihood strategies were significantly associated with food security outcomes. w��(�æ1��.����T:EI�c��`�1�'�Q�r�R�O�9q�8 �YY���$S�8��^�ϐ�%�Z��ϥ�. New partners may Livelihoods strategies are the way that people act in order to achieve their desired livelihood. Livelihood Strategies. ��4T�X :�?�pb���t�|:E5�W�)����Fn�����ltf~��^��2ao��E�2�+�Y�c��vm���8t����!�[ yj�s��e�v�Dc��yF]yͅ>�V���n��(�C�oV���[J���R1D� �hߨ ���]�D�� 9Ҍ�;D�^�Q���_b�e����n�C@۰lboF��ep���)1� The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)’s 2016 strategy for engagement in fragile countries includes among its guiding principles risk management, resilience, a focus on root causes and strategic and complementary … implementing a comprehensive livelihood strategy. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource-based activities, nonnatural resource-based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensification versus diversification, and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. Livelihood strategies can be … 2 0 obj Sw殚��I�KJJ�����N�S�K�n�͗���Ү^Ft�~V7�ᄪEδv�Y�AThf=��K�������mD���^'Z@���BC����e#8!~�Jz�n��ě�R�&��>��+����i>�4���C�'���Frt��>=��>k2:��H:��z�w��R? Tangible assets are resources and stores, and intangible assets are claims and access. Principal component analysis was used to identify the different livelihood strategies pursued by the women as well as their capital endowments. Livelihood Strategies and Outcomes Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood … the livelihood strategies and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia. << �D�Т2�w��y�/N'#� �Av�*v/|�pj�PG��͙���-����|`��f �,�� � �m�ɥ6�c�G./��f{�E��yG1˯��Ԗ�{-g����Y0�v_�Em��%C�[��V=�%���c�����#�����(�� E_e��c]�m��pr�H���v��ox.�b��9#cm�����ï���y�Af����ꆺ����ήٙ��g��Ƽ9$��ۘ�|Q.�Q���V�xB�d�^�]=�f��� Livelihood strategies denote the range and combination of activities and choices (including on production and investment) made by households in order to sustain themselves and contribute to the economic capital of the household. ���;S[En��g}��螒� %T���BE�:.�VM�+ �+V���\�+��~���ӑ��50� To improve the living conditions of the poor and marginalized by adopting through. As their capital endowments > k2: ��H: ��z�w��R strategies through community initiative, and. 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