In 1990 the National Health Service and Community Care Act revamped healthcare and made it more person-centred by concentrating on what the individual needs rather than what is available. It may be that they have been through a similar situation and have a wider understanding of it, especially about how it affects the particular individual personally, and so are able to offer guidance and support. Fortunately, this can easily be rectified with current and proper training and education. In 1995, the Disability Discrimination Act (later superseded by the Equality Act 2010) made it illegal for employers to discriminate against people with disabilities. understanding social inclusion for adults with IDD, longitudinal studies can be undertaken to deter- ... support individuals to avo id abusive situations and. In 1948, the NHS took control of institutions and they became hospitals, however the poor treatment of patients continued. Some countries such as Sweden practiced compulsory sterilisation. check understanding so that you can promote communication with individuals with learning disabilities. However, accommodation was primarily in the form of hostels and care homes/sub-communities. Working in partnership with them. Analyse how key legislation can promote social … In the 50s and 60s, more people were moving out of institutions before the Local Authority Social Services Act 1970 put the responsibility on Local Authorities and newly formed Social Services Departments for the health and welfare of people. Be aware of unconscious bias. Understanding Social Inclusion, Social Cohesion and Social Capital Robert J. Oxobyy June 2009 Abstract The topics of social capital, social cohesion, and social inclusion are increasingly gaining interest in economics, sociology, and politics, particularly in regards to addressing poverty and designing related policies. Parents may feel guilt about their child’s condition and the extra care they have to provide can leave them feeling overwhelmed and exhausted. Social inclusion is linked to the concept of equal Services today can also learn from the mistakes of the past. Being labelled as having a learning disability can have both positive and negative connotations. Pay attention to temperature, lighting seating etc. • Enabling choice and social relationships . If somebody appears to require care, the local authority must carry out an assessment focusing on their individual needs, outcomes and wellbeing and involve the person in the process (person-centred planning). Typical causes are: The medical and social models of disability are contrasting ideas about the reasons for barriers to independence encountered by people with disabilities. Working with individuals with learning disabilities often means adapting our communication techniques in a way that meets their particular needs to ensure that we are understood. People with learning disabilities engaged in conversation with staff, children and members of the public. In fact, one of the benefits of the evolution of services is that we now understand that we should never rest on our laurels and should strive for continuous improvement backed by research. Outcome 4 Understand the basic principles and practice of advocacy, empowerment and active participation in relation to supporting individuals with learning disabilities and their families. For example, after someone has spoken to you, you could say something like: It is also important to encourage individuals to ask questions if there is something that they don’t quite understand or ask you to repeat yourself, perhaps using different words or utilising visual aids. A learning disability is a broad term that encompasses many different conditions such as Down’s Syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome and can be classed as mild, moderate or severe. Struggling financially to make ends meet and having limited options for improving your financial situation; Feeling socially isolated or lonely, having few friends and limited opportunities to meet new people or make new relationships; Having limited access to community resources such as health, educational and recreational services; Having no 'voice' and influence over decisions that affect your life. 3.5Describe ways of using a person centred approach to enable older people to make positive contributions to their community The … And the British Institute of Learning Disabilities do not give an exact proportion but do say: … for many who are diagnosed with having a general learning disability, the cause remains unknown. being open to different types of families – they can be small or large, may or may not be biologically related, and may include several generations. Be able to support individuals to make decisions about risks 1. support an individual to recognize the potential risk in different areas of their life 2. support the individual to balance choices with their own and others’ health, safety and Wellbeing Positive risk taking is a process which starts with the identification of potential benefit or harm. With increasing severity of learning disability, the likelihood of finding a cause increases, with at least 80% of severe cases having some evidence of organic brain damage or disease. The conditions of residential hospitals were also criticised with reports of isolated locations with visits being discouraged, poorly trained staff, lack of co-ordination and patients having little to no belongings. The negative aspects of using the label ‘learning disability’ are: Positive attitudes towards individuals can be promoted using a variety of strategies. This began the integration of individuals with learning disabilities into local communities and the start of day centres, hostels and community residential care. Siblings may feel pushed out and jealous that their brother/sister appears to receive more attention than they do and not understand the reasons why. Empowerment means helping an individual to become more independent and have more control over their lives, especially the support they receive. However the social model of disability would say that the barrier is society. The medical model of disability would say that the barrier to participation is the individual’s learning disability. However, this is not always possible and advocacy services still have an important role to play. Topics include the history of individuals with learning disabilities in society, legislation, advocacy, social inclusion, active participation and communication. The NHS provides a good definition of advocacy: If you find it difficult to understand your care and support or find it hard speak up, there are people who can act as a spokesperson for you. Educate employees by helping them to understand how individuals are impacted by unconscious bias, and what actions continue to reinforce unconscious bias. Social inclusion, the converse of social exclusion, is affirmative action to change the circumstances and habits that lead to (or have led to) social exclusion. Active participation means supporting the individual to be engaged in their day to day life and their support rather than a passive receiver. The social model was designed by people with disabilities to reduce the stigma associated with disability and attempt to change people’s attitudes towards disability by viewing barriers as being caused by society rather than the individuals that have extra difficulty overcoming them. Integration of people with learning disabilities into the wider community can help create more understanding between individuals and quash popular misconceptions. By now, individuals with learning disabilities were being listened to more and given more respect and choice with their healthcare options. In the 60s and 70s, more individuals with learning disabilities began to transition from life in institutions to local communities. This may be because the individual is unable to express their views or feels that their voice is not being heard. It advocates that both the medical and social models are appropriate, but neither is sufficient on its own to explain the complex nature of one’s health. Understand the importance of a positive, person-centred approach to risk assessment 3. Registered charities with an annual income over £10,000 must provide annual information to the Commission. You should encourage individuals to complete the tasks that they are able to do as independently as possible and provide some support for those they cannot. For example, a young adult may (in an appropriate setting) want to discuss sex or sexuality. In addition, the attitudes of people of the time judged individuals with learning disabilities to be asexual. This is especially true in education where children with learning disabilities are much more likely to attend mainstream schools. The NHS defines a learning disability as: A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate. And the right to marry and start a family means that people with learning disabilities are no longer regarded as not having the capacity to have intimate relationships and have children. Some things to consider are: To communicate effectively with individuals with learning disabilities, you should ensure that the language that you use is both age and ability appropriate. It is also a good idea to get into the habit of doing this yourself. The most important thing is to ensure that the individual feels involved in the process. Learning disabilities affect intellect and should not be confused with learning difficulties (such as dyslexia), which do not affect intellect. It was built around routine and amongst the daily chores and medical care, residents were given very little stimulation or activities. It is about enabling people or communities to fully participate in society. It also means you’re in a position to report any issues to management (especially if the discriminated person doesn’t … also stated that enablers of social inclusion were the creation and development of friendships through supported community participation, occupying valued social roles, community presence, social skill development, meaningful activities and choice. Helping them to challenge decisions that are made about them by others. There are a number of pieces of legislation and policies that have been designed for people with learning disabilities to promote: Firstly, the Equality Act 2010 protects individuals from discrimination, harassment and victimisation in society and supersedes previous anti-discrimination such as the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and Race Relations Act 1976. For individuals that have difficulty communicating verbally, you could use communication aids such as flashcards with pictures of meals on them. This is professional advocacy law services represented by legally qualified solicitors/lawyers/barristers. Similarly, be mindful that adults with learning disabilities have the same hopes, dreams and desires as anyone else, so do not need to ‘protected’ from discussing things other members of their age group may talk about. There are several different types of advocacy available for people with learning disabilities. This is the desired outcome for most people and training can be provided to help individuals with learning disabilities gain the skills they need to self-advocate. If you are communicating with an adult with learning disabilities, you should speak to them as an adult. The Human Rights Act, Equality Act and Care Act have helped people to understand that disability does not mean an individual has any less rights than anybody else and that it is unlawful to discriminate on this basis. The Care Quality Commission (CQC) is the regulator for all health and social care services in England and ensure that policy and practice are performed correctly. c) A description of how inclusive practice can promote equality and support diversity. This is normal and should not be avoided. Assignment Help >> Other Subject Support Individuals to be Part of a CommunityLearning outcomes1 Understand how communities can support social The Equality Act 2010 has made it unlawful for people with disabilities to be harassed or discriminated against because of their disabilities. Similarly, there is the right to not be tortured in an inhuman or degrading way, which means people with learning disabilities should not be forced to live in poor conditions or suffer from neglect. An individual may use one or more of them at different times in their lives depending on their personal needs and circumstances. 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