, After Brook Farm, George Ripley began to work as a freelance journalist. Harvard Graduated from Harvard top of class. , Amid the Panic of 1837, many began to criticize social institutions. He said, "Unless a minister is expected to speak out on all subjects which are uppermost in his mind, with no fear of incurring the charge of heresy or compromising the interests of his congregation, he can never do justice to himself, to his people, or the truth which he is bound to declare". He became one of the founding members of the Transcendental Club and hosted its first official meeting in his home. A year later, on August 22, 1827, he married Sophia Dana, a fact which he originally kept a secret from his parents. In 1841 Ripley left the pulpit to found the Brook Farm community. , He also continued his critical work and in 1860 reviewed On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin. It's now sold at auction in London for £584,750.  His personal life was also taxed. As he told a friend, he had "long since lost... immediate interest in that line of speculation".. The debate between Norton and Ripley, which earned allies on both sides, continued until 1840.  He was sent to a private academy run by a Mr. Huntington in Hadley, Massachusetts to prepare for college.  A biography entitled George Ripley (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1882) was written by Octavius Brooks Frothingham. , Brook Farm was initially based mostly on the ideals of Transcendentalism; its founders believed that by pooling labor they could sustain the community and still have time for literary and scientific pursuits.  They chose the Ellis Farm in West Roxbury, Massachusetts as the site of their experiment, which they named Brook Farm.  The experiment meant to serve as an example for the rest of the world, established on the principles of "industry without drudgery, and true equality without its vulgarity". Part of Faith like a River The Brook Farm Institute of Agriculture and Education of West Roxbury, Massachusetts (1841-1847) was the idea and creation of Unitarian minister and Transcendentalist George Ripley. , By May 1846, troubled by the financial difficulties at Brook Farm, Ripley had made an informal split from the community.  He hoped to enroll at Andover but his father convinced him to stay in Cambridge to attend Harvard Divinity School.  Norton, formerly Ripley's teacher at the Divinity School, had been labeled by many as the "hard-headed Unitarian Pope", and began his public battle with Ripley in the Boston Daily Advertiser on November 5, 1836, in an open letter charging Ripley with academic and professional incompetence. George Ripley launched a transcendentalist community that appealed to the intellectual elite, but he was also a protestant minister, and the community attracted many theologians. George Ripley was an influential in planting the seeds of the transcendental philosophy in good soil.  Ripley started his role with the Tribune at $12 a week and, at this wage, was not able to pay off the debt of Brook Farm until 1862. Plato’s cautions against the risky consequences of poetic inspiration in general in his Republic are thus often…. One, is that “intention does not equal impact.” The residents of Brook Farm, particularly George Ripley, had the best of intentions and worked hard.  By its closure a year later, Brook Farm had amassed a total debt of $17,445. He wrote one of the few popular reviews of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species. Updates? ", Ripley and his wife formed a joint stock company in 1841 along with 10 other initial investors.  He was moderately successful as the owner of a general store and tavern and was a prominent member of the community. Ripley wrote a "Gotham Gossip" column and many articles discussing local personalities and notable public events, including speeches by Henry Clay and Frederick Douglass. The group at this first meeting of what would become known as the "Transcendental Club" included Amos Bronson Alcott, Orestes Brownson, James Freeman Clarke, and Convers Francis as well as Hedge, Emerson, and Ripley. George Ripley. With Charles A. Dana, he edited the 16 volume The New American Cyclopaedia (1857–1863), reissued as The American Cyclopaedia (1873–1876). How were Antebellum Era Utopian experiments similar to the Colonial Era Puritan settlers’ vision of … As a literary critic Ripley was cautious, scholarly, and courteous; he was commonly judged the ablest critic of his day. 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